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Roulette Glossary – All the Roulette Terms And Language To Know

Roulette is not a complicated game but there is a fairly large amount of terminology associated with it. Whether you are a newcomer to Roulette or a more advanced player, you may occasionally come across a term that you don’t understand. It may be in the context of the game rules, as part of a strategy guide, or anywhere else. On this page, you will find a comprehensive list of all the terms used by Roulette players. We have split it into easy to navigate sections, ensuring that you can quickly and easily look up the terms that you are looking for. 

Action – The level of activity, generally wagers, and the number of funds that players wager over a specific period at the roulette table and other casino games. Commonly used alongside the calculation of Comp points. 

ActionNumbers – Numbers located throughout the wheel that tend to have a higher than average occurrence and are commonly wagered upon by players.  

ActionPlayer – Players who wager large amounts, wager frequently, or both. Generally a term of ridicule for players who are careless with their wagering.  

AdrenotrendSystem – A gambling strategy that employs a system of progressive betting. For each win that is achieved, two numbers are added to the wager of the next spin. For each loss, two are removed. 

Alenbert System – A gambling strategy that employs a system of progressive betting. For each win that is achieved, one number is added to the wager of the next spin. For each loss, one is removed. 

Agent – A term that refers to an accomplice, usually working in tandem with the croupier, to cheat the casino. 

Airball Roulette – A roulette wheel that works electronically with air pressure, as opposed to being manually spun.  

All-In – A term that refers to a player committing their entire bankroll in one wager.  

American Roulette – The American counterpart to European and French Roulette games, American Roulette utilizes a wheel that has no less than 38 pockets. The wheel’s 28 pockets consist of the numbers 1-3, 0, and 00. As a result of including 00, American Roulette favours the house with a higher advantage when compared to single zero roulette games. 

Announced Bet – Wagers made by saying the bet aloud along with placing any chips on the table. 

B  

Backtrack – the outermost ring of the roulette wheel against which the ball is introduced. 

Ball – Usually made from plastic, but also sometimes made of wood or ivory, the roulette ball is the marker in determining the result of a spin. The ball is introduced travelling in the opposite direction of the rotation of the wheel. When the ball comes to rest in a pocket of the wheel, its position determines the winner and payouts. 

Bankroll – A term describing the total amount of money a gambler intends to use during their session. 

Basket Bet – A roulette bet that pays out 6:1, a basket bet is a bet combining the numbers 3, 2, 1, 0, and 00 with a single wager. 

Beard – A beard is any player who bets on another’s behalf with the intent to obscure the other’s identity.  

Bet on the layout – At term describing a wager placed anywhere within the Roulette table’s field of numbers.  

Biased Numbers – A number or numbers that appear as the result of a spin at an abnormally high rate. Biased numbers are generally indicative of a biased wheel. 

Biased Wheel – A roulette wheel that either has an imperfection, defect, or unbalanced seat and is causing a number or selection of numbers to appear as the result of a spin at an abnormally high rate. 

Black Action – A wager placed involving black chips. Generally valued at $100. 

Black Bet – A wager that the colour of the next number will be black. 

Blacks – Roulette chips valued at $100. 

Block Betting – A roulette strategy that focuses on wagering within a certain section or group of numbers. 

Bottom Track – The slanting, stationary, inner area of a roulette wheel down which the ball slides before bouncing onto the wheel head and into a pocket. 

Boule (La Boule) – Also referred to as the “little game” this condensed version of roulette is commonly found in French casinos. Boule features a wheel of only nine numbers and three different colours on which to place wagers. The game's rubber ball is cast into the spinning wheel as in other roulette variations. Once coming to rest in a pocket, the game is over. This variation of roulette’s simplicity and speed make it a popular game among players.  

Bowl – The part of the roulette table that contains the roulette wheel. 

Break Even – A term that refers to finishing a session having won no more money and lost no less than when the player started. 

Breaking the bank – An act referring to player performance in the event a gaming table is closed by the casino due to a player or player(s) winning too frequently.  

Buy-in – The act of participating in a game of chance or skill by placing a wager. 

Banoes – Structures that are part of the roulette wheel and act as deflectors around the inside of the bowl. 

Bash in – The act of ending the session and cash in your chips.  

California Roulette – A variation of Roulette developed to circumvent strict roulette laws in California. Rather than a wheel, this variation is played with cards.  

Call Bets – Wagers made by saying the bet aloud without placing any chips on the table. In many casinos, especially in the UK, this is considered a form of gambling on credit and is not allowed by the casino.  

Cage – The physical structure, usually clad in bars, where the casino cashier resides. This is where both chips are purchased and chips are exchanged for currency. 

Cancellation Betting System – Any wagering strategy that involved removing numbers following winning wagers or adding numbers following a loss. 

Capping a Bet – The illegal act of adding chips to a wager that has already won. 

Card Roulette – A variation of roulette that involved a deck of playing cards, including the two jokers. This variation has a house edge that resides between American and European Roulette games. 

Carre – The French term for a Corner Bet in which a wager is placed at the intersection of four numbers on the roulette table. This wager pays out at 8:1. 

Casino Advantage – A term synonymous with the House Edge, it is the probability the casino will prevail over the player expressed as a percentage. 

Casino Host – A casino employee tasked with fulfilling the requests of high-rollers and other significant customers.  

Chameleon Strategy – A roulette strategy, also referred to as “Charting” or “Hitchhiking”, in which the player mimics the wagering patterns of a successful player in hopes of sharing in their good fortune. 

Charting the Table – The act of observing the results of a roulette table with the intent of gaining insight into how it will play. 

Chasing Losses – The act of increasing wagers to recover from a loss.  

Check Rack – Also referred to as a “chip tray” or “chip rack” this is the portion of the table where Roulette chips are stored. This term is used to describe the tray where all the roulette chips are held. 

Check Raker – A casino employee tasked with assisting the croupier in retrieving wagers lost to the house. 

Checks – A term, most often by casino staff and game operators, used to describe casino Roulette chips. 

Cheval – A French term for the Split Bet or a single bet in which the player places their wager on the border shared by two adjacent numbers on the roulette table. This bet pays 17:1. 

Clocking the Dealer – The act of observing a croupier for insight into how they have any distinct characteristics, such as favouring one portion of the roulette wheel.  

Choppy Game – A term used to describe roulette games where neither player nor house is winning consistently and there are no discernable patterns or streaks. 

Clocking – A term used to describe a player's observing of other players, tables, or croupiers for insight into whether or not to participate at a given table or with a given betting strategy.   

Color Up – The act of trading chips with other players to consolidate by exchanging small denomination chips for large denomination chips 

Cold Numbers – A term used to describe any number that has not been the result of any of the last 37 spins. Numbers that haven’t come up for at least 37 spins. 

Cold Table – A term used to describe any table where the house is consistently winning over players.  

Colonne – The French term for Column Bet. This bet is placed on any of the three columns of 12 numbers. This bet pays 2:1. 

Column Bet – This bet is placed on any of the three columns of 12 numbers. This bet pays 2:1. 

Combination Bet – Any bet that involves at least one chip paced to include more two or more numbers on the roulette table. 

Comp – Complimentary points that players receive upon reaching specific betting levels. 

Corner Bet – A roulette bet in which a wager is placed at the intersection of four numbers on the roulette table. This wager pays out at 8:1. 

Courtesy Line – A roulette bet unique to the American variation in which the player may place a wager that covers both 0 and 00. 

Credits – A term referring to the digital representation of a player’s bankroll. The term and practice are used to disassociate players from the fact they are playing with real money.  

Crew – A term used to refer to the casino staff. 

Crooked Wheel – A roulette wheel that is modified or rigged to give the house an insurmountable edge.  

Crossroader – A dated term used to refer to a cheater. 

Croupier – The formal term for a casino employee tasked with dealing cards or operating table games.  

D’Alembert System – In this progressive betting system, players modify their bet by +1 when they lose and by -1 when they win. 

Dead Table – A term used to refer to a casino table in operation with no players participating. 

Dealer – A casino employee that operates table games or deals card games. 

Dealer Signature – A term that described the idea of dealer’s habits, which can be predicted successfully to the player's benefit, such as how or the location on the wheel the dealer introduces the ball.  

Derniere – A French term for “last”, this bet refers to the last group of 12 numbers in the Dozen Bet. 

Devil’s game – A disparaging term used to describe the game of roulette. It is unclear how it came into use, though some theories pose it emerged as a condemnation of the game’s ruthless house edge or the sum of all its numbers being 666. 

Dirty Pile – A term that describes a stack of chips that includes chips of multiple values.  

Dolly – A score marker, made of wood or plastic and shaped like a doll, used in American Roulette to indicate the result of a spin as winnings are paid out.  

Dominant – A term used to describe numbers, colours, or sections of the betting field that are frequently appearing as the result of a spin. 

Double Street – Another term for a line bet or Six Number Bet. The bet includes six numbers and pays 5:1. 

Douzaine – French term for the Dozen Bet. The bet includes 12 numbers and pays 2:1 

Double Zero – The pocket marked 00, which appears only in the American Roulette rule set.  

Double Up System of Betting – A betting strategy where a player will increase their wager by two after a loss with the intent of recovering the lost wager in the next round.  

Dozen Bet – A Roulette bet involving the three available groups of 12 numbers; 1-12, 13-24, or 25-36. The dozen bet pays 2 to 1. 

Drop – The amount of money a player deposits in exchange for chips. 

Drop Box – the container in which the player’s deposit is kept.  

Edge – The edge is the advantage or the upper hand in a game, generally favouring the house in terms of casino players’ probability of winning. 

Electronic Roulette – A type of Roulette wheel whose spinning is powered by electricity, rather than human intervention, air pressure, or some other mechanism.  

En Plein – The French term for Straight Up bet. In this betting scenario, the player places a wager on a single number. This bet pays 35:1. 

En Prison – A French term translating to “in prison”, this rule available in European Roulette variations applies to even-money bets. When applied, the player’s wager remains on the table in the event a 0 is the result. The wheel is spun again, giving the player a chance to recover half their wager.  

European Roulette – A variation of roulette popular among European casinos and players. This variation of the game features a single zero roulette wheel and a lower house edge than its American Roulette counterpart. 

Even Bet – A bet that the result of the next spin of the roulette wheel will be an even number. 

Even or Odd Bet – A bet that the result of the next spin of the roulette wheel will be an even or odd number. 

Even Money – A term referring to any bet that pays 1:1. Even money bets include Red/Black, Odd/Even, Low/High. 

Eye in the Sky – A term that refers to the security apparatus of a land-based casino, namely security cameras embedded in the ceiling to record and observe players and gambling activity. 

Fair Game – A term that refers to any casino game in which neither the player nor the house has a statistical advantage.  

Fibonacci Betting System – A progressive betting Roulette strategy that incorporates the Fibonacci sequence (1, 2, 3, 5, 8, 13…) to inform a player’s betting. For example, when the player loses a bet, they will raise their next bet by the next number in the Fibonacci sequence. After a win, the player will remove the two highest numbers from the sequence, repeating as necessary according to the strategy. 

Ficheur – An automatic chip sorter designed to separate and arrange roulette chips the house takes in for easy categorization and distribution.  

Final Bet – A Roulette bet that places a wager on any number ending in a specified digit. For example, “Final 4” would place a wager on 4, 14, 24, and 34. This bet pays 8:1 

Fish – A disparaging term used to refer to an inexperienced player or a sucker. 

Five Number Bet - A Roulette bet that places a wager on 0, 00, 1, 2, and 3. This bet pays 6:1 

Flat Bettor – A term that refers to a player who does not deviate from their betting amount or placement. 

Floater – A term that describes a roulette ball that remains around the edge of the spinning wheel for an abnormally long time before falling into a numbered pocket.  

Floorman – A term that describes the casino employee tasked with supervising the casino floor, specifically in the table games section. 

French Bets – These bets are those found in French Roulette games and comprised specific sections of the roulette wheel. These bets include Voisins du Zéro, Neighbours , Orphelins, Le Tiers du Cylindre and Jeu Zéro . 

French Roulette – A variation of Roulette similar to European Roulette in that it has the same table configuration and a single zero on the wheel. 

French wheel – A term used to describe a Roulette wheel with only one zero. 

Frets - Metal partitions between the numbered pockets on a roulette wheel designed to deflect the roulette ball and ensure random play. 

Full Complete Bet – A bet typically utilized by high-rollers, a Full Complete Bet is one that places the table maximum on one number.  

Full Pile – A term used to describe a stack of 20 chips. Also called a Full Stack. 

G 

Gaffed Wheel – A term that describes a Roulette wheel that has been tampered with, either by player or casino, to rig the outcome. 

Gambling Stake – A term synonymous with Bankroll, the players Gambling Stake is the money they have committed to playing during their current session. 

George – A player who is considered to be a big tipper. Also known as a John. 

Golden Number – A term used to describe a Roulette number that appears more often than its probability dictates. 

Grand Martingale System – A roulette betting strategy in which a player doubles their wager plus an additional unit upon losing. 

Green Pockets – A term that describes the 0 and 00 pockets on a Roulette Wheel.  

Greens – A term used to describe Roulette Chips that are green in colour and valued at $25. 

Grifter – A disparaging term used to describe a player suspected or confirmed to be a cheater or scammer. 

Grind – The act of playing for small money. Generally for an extended duration. 

Grind Down – The act of a casino slowly winning all of a player’s money over time.  

Grind Joint – A term used to describe a casino that only allows low betting limits. 

Grind system – A betting strategy in which a player increases the amount of their wager following a win. 

Guerrilla Gambling – A style of gambling in which a player quickly finds success at a table and just as quickly moves on to the next.  

Heat – A term that describes unwanted attention from casino management. Usually indicative of a player’s higher than usual success at the tables.  

High Bet – A Roulette bet in which the player places a wager on the next result of a spin to single a number between 19 and 36. This bet pays 1:1. 

High or Low Bet – A Roulette bet in which the player places a wager on the next result of a spin on 19–36 or 1–18. This is an even-money bet that pays 1:1. 

High Roller – A term used to describe a player with a large bankroll that consistently wagers large sums of money. Also known as a Whale. 

Hit – A term that describes the number resulting from a roulette spin. For example, if 6 is the result of the spin, 6 hits. 

Hoca – A widely popular French version of Roulette played in the middle of the 17th century. 

Hold – A term used to describe the amount of the Drop that the casino retains. Also called the Percentage. 

Hot – A term used to describe a consistent winning streak. 

Hot Numbers – A term that describes numbers hitting more frequently than their probability dictates. Also known as Golden Numbers. 

Hot and Cold – A betting strategy in which players wager on the success of the previous round. Also known as Steak Betting. 

Hot Table – A term used to describe a Roulette table in which the players have been winning consistently over time.  

House Edge – A term used to describe the inherent advantage the casino has over the player in a game of chance. In Roulette, the House Edge differs by variation. American Rules Roulette has a House Edge of 5.26, while European and French Roulette has a House Edge of 2.70. 

House limit – The House Limit is in place to protect the casino from suffering losses so high that revenue is impacted. 

House Numbers – A term that describes numbers that “favour” the house. These numbers are generally avoided by players. 

House Walk – A term that describes an overabundance of House Numbers appearing in a session. 

Impair – The French term for Odd Bets in which a player wagers that an odd number will hit on the next spin. This is an even-money bet and pays 1:1. 

Inside Bet – Any bet in which a player places a wager within the numbered area of a Roulette table. A bet made on the numbered, inside area of the roulette table. 

Insurance or Hedge Bet – Incorporated into Insurance Roulette betting strategy, an insurance or hedge bet is used to mitigate losses for the player.   

Jeu Zero – The French term for “zero game”. This is a bet in which the player wagers on the numbers nearest the 0 on the roulette wheel, which includes 12, 35, 3, 26, 0, 32, and 15. This bet pays 26:1 

John – A term that describes a player considered to be a good tipper. Also known as a George. 

LaBouchere System – A Roulette betting strategy also known as a type of Cancellation Betting. In this case, the player bets on a sequence of numbers. The amount of the player’s wager is equal to the sum of the first and the last number in that sequence. If the player wins, the first and the last numbers in the sequence are removed. If the player loses, the size of their previous bet is added as the last number in the sequence. This continues until all numbers making up the sequence are eliminated. 

Layout – A term used to describe the roulette table design, namely the configuration of the betting field on which wagers are placed. 

Layout Strategies – Any betting strategies that are designed to overcome the house edge.  

La Partage – Similar to the En Prison rule, La Partage allows the player, in the event of a loss, to lock in their bet for another spin of the wheel and the opportunity to recover a portion of their wager.   

Les Orphelins – A Roulette bet, typically French Roulette, in which a player places a wager on all numbers within the first third of the wheel. This bet includes numbers 3, 6, 9, 14, 17, 17, 20, 31, and 34and pays 35:1. 

Line Bet – A Roulette bet in which a player places a wager on six numbers from two horizontal rows at once.  This bet pays 5:1. 

Long Shot – Any bet in which the odds are stacked against a player. This type of bet generally has a significantly high payout. 

Loss Walk – A term used to describe the point at which a player will walk away from the tables. Also referred to as loss limit. 

Low Bet – A Roulette bet in which the player places a wager on the lower half of the number on the Roulette table layout. This is an even-money bet and pays 1:1.  

Low Roller – A term that refers to a player who consistently wagers small amounts of money. 

Luminar or LuminAR – A modern Roulette variation that incorporates lighting technology and displays to entice and attract players. 

Manque – A French term for Low Bet. This is an even-money bet on the layout number 1-18 and pays 1:1. 

Marker – The marker is placed on the corresponding layout position to indicate the most recent result of a roulette spin. Wagers cannot be collected or placed until this marker is removed from the table. Markers are removed by dealers after winning bets are paid out and losing bets are collected. 

Martingale System – A Roulette betting strategy in which players will double their wager following a loss to recoup their previous wager. 

Maximum – A term that refers to the table’s upper limit on how much a player can wager in a single round. 

Mayer Line – Roulette betting strategy where a lost bet results in a small incremental increase in the next stake. A total of ten numbers in a line are erased leading to a win of ten units. 

Mini Roulette – A variation of Roulette with fewer numbers and a faster style of play. Payouts are adjusted for the constrained layout and often allow for half the amount of a wager to be returned if 0 hits.  

Money at Risk – A term that refers to the money a player or players have currently wagered and is at risk of being lost to the house. 

Money Plays – A term casino staff will use in the event a player is wagering with cash, rather than roulette or other casino chips.  

Mucker – This is a casino employee, also known as a Check/Chip Raker, which assists the croupier in collecting wagers from the table, as well as double-checks the dealer’s math in paying out winning bets. 

Negative Progression – Any betting strategy in which placers increase their bets after losing. 

Neighbour Bet – A roulette bet in which the player places a wager on a main number and series of numbers on either side, its neighbours. This wager is considered a sector bet and pays 35:1.  

Net Profit – A term referring to the difference between what a player has wagered through the course of their session and the amount won during that period. 

Nickel – A term used to refer to Roulette chips, typically red in colour, worth $5. 

Noir – The French term for a bet on Black. 

No Action – A proclamation made by the croupier to indicate that all bets are cancelled. At this point, bets can be left on the layout or removed before the croupier spins the Roulette wheel once again. 

Non-value Chip – A roulette or other casino game chip that has no prescribed value, but rather whose value is determined by the amount of the game’s minimum buy-in. For example, a buy-in of $500.00 for 50 chips equals a value of $10.00 per chip.  

Odd Bet – A roulette bet in which the player puts down a wager on an odd number hitting on the next spin. This is an even-money bet that pays 1:1. 

Odds – A term that refers to the probability of any given outcome occurring.  

On the Square – A term that refers to a game that is considered honest. 

Orphans – A Roulette sector bet, most typically found in European Roulette rule sets, that includes two sets of numbers: 17, 34, and 6 and 1, 20, 14, 31, and 9. This bet pays 35:1. 

Orphelins – The French term for an Orphans bet. See Orphans above. 

Outside Bets – These Roulette bets are located outside of the felt numbered field of the table or inside bets.  

P.C.– An abbreviation for percentage, uncommonly used to refer to the House Edge. 

Paddle – A tool used by croupiers to extend their reach and assist in collecting money or chips on the table. 

Pair – The French term for Even Bet. This is an even-money bet that pays 1:1. 

Parlay – An action undertaken by a player in which they double their wager following a win. 

Passe – The French term for High Bet. This is an even-money bet that pays 1:1. 

Past Posting – An illegal action in which a player attempts to add money to a wager after no more bets are being accepted.  

Payout (Pay Out) – A term that refers to the amount won by the player and paid by the casino. 

Penny Ante– A term that describes a micro-stakes game. 

Pill – A term that refers to the Roulette ball. 

Pinching AN illegal action in which a player removes chips while a game is in action.  

Pit — A term that refers to the area of a casino where table games are played. 

Pit boss – A casino employee tasked with supervising the operation of the casino table gaming area or Pit. 

Pockets – The areas on a roulette wheel that house each number. The roulette ball will come to fall into one of these pockets as the game is played, the result is the number that hits. 

Positive Progression – A term used to refer to any betting strategy in which a player increases their wager after winning. 

Premiere – The French term for “first”, which refers to the first group of 12 numbers in the Dozen Bet. This bet pays 2:1. 

Press – A term that refers to the betting strategy in which a player increases their bet, often by 100%, following a win. 

Probability – Similar to Odds, this is an expression or representation of the likelihood of an outcome.  

Profit – chips/money above the amount a player started with. 

Punter – A European term that refers to a gambler that has a defined goal that their either fall short of or achieve and then exit play. 

Purples – A Roulette chip, purple in colour, worth $500. 

Push – A term that refers to any tie experienced in a casino game. The outcome is generally the wager being returned to the player. 

Quarter Bet – A wager that one of four numbers will be hit on the next spin. Same as Corner Bet and Square Bet or “Carre” in French. 

Quarters – A Roulette chip, green in colour, worth $25. 

Quatre – The French term for a four-number bet. This bet pays 8:1. 

Queen Theatre – An electronic variation of Roulette that incorporates an electronically powered wheel and features expanded seating, which can accommodate up to 24 players at once. Arranged with 8 players in the centre and the remaining players in a “theater” configuration behind the initial 8 players.  

Racetrack Bets – Also known as 'Call bets', these are bets announced by players that are focused on a sector of bets closest to the croupier. 

Random Number Generators or RNGs – RNG is utilized in electronic and online casino games to ensure the outcomes of any given spin are in-fact random. These mathematical audits are usually carried out by a third-party regulator and are required for appropriate gaming licenses.  

Rapid Roulette – A variation of Roulette in which players sit at individual electronic terminals, placing wagers digitally and using cash or vouchers instead of chips. The digital Roulette wheel, located in the centre of all terminals, spins until a number hits. Wagers are paid out accordingly to each player’s terminal and the game begins again. This variation of Roulette is popular among players for its speed and convenience, and among casino operators due to its low overhead and ability to seat more players at once than a traditional roulette table.  

The concept has been introduced to online casinos in the form of Live Roulette games that broadcast a live casino floor to multiple players at once, regardless of their geographic location. 

Rating – A term used by casino employees to assess players’ level of action. Generally used to assign different levels of perks or when issuing comp points. 

Rating Card – Similar to a casino’s player Rating, this is a tangible representation of how a casino rates a player. 

Red Bet – A roulette bet in which the player wagers that the result of a roulette spin will be a red number. This is an even-money bet that pays 1:1.  

Reds – Casino Roulette chips, usually Red in colour, worth $5. 

Regress – An act that describes a reduction in the amount of frequency of a player's wagers.  

Reverse-LaBouchere – A Roulette strategy in which the player identifies a sequence of numbers around which the strategy will be played. In the event of a win, numbers are added to the sequence. In the event of a loss, numbers are removed. 

Reverse-Martingale – A Roulette strategy in which the player doubles their wager following every win. 

Rien Ne Vas Plus – The French term for “No more Bets”. Uttered aloud by the croupier, this ceases all betting for the current spin. 

RFB – An abbreviation that stands for complimentary Room, Food, and Beverage provided to players by the casino. 

Rouge – The French term for Red Bet. An even-money bet that pays 1:1. 

Roulette – A game of chance that involved placing wagers on a betting field based on where a ball will come to rest within the pockets of a spinning Roulette wheel. 

Roulettese – The terminology and lingo associated with the game of Roulette. 

Roulette Chips – Also referred to as colour chips or value chips, Roulette chips are unique to roulette tables. They may not be used for other casino games and are designed to make it easier for croupiers to ascertain a potentially high volume of bets from different players simultaneously.  

Roulette Layout – Also called simply the Layout, this term is used to describe the roulette table design, namely the configuration of the betting field on which wagers are placed. 

Roulette Strategy – Any number of betting methodologies or systems used by players during a playing session with the intent of improving their probability of winning. 

Roulette Table – The table on which a game of Roulette is traditionally played, consisting of a spinning roulette wheel and betting layout.  

Roulette Wheel – The wheel with numbered pockets used to determine winning results in a game of Roulette. The wheel is spun clockwise while the ball is introduced counter clockwise. When the ball comes to rest in one of the evenly-spaced, numbered pockets, the game is over, and winning bets are paid out while losing bets are collected. 

Roulight / Roulite – A variety of Roulette that originated at the Wiesbaden Casino in Wiesbaden, Germany, and is designed for a dynamic experience with very fast gameplay. The only bets allowed in this variation include straight up, split, neighbours, and sections of the wheel.  

Row Bet – A roulette bet, also called a Street Bet or Three Number Bet, which includes one horizontal row of numbers on the layout. The wager is placed on the outside border of the row being bet on. This bet pays 11:1.  

Run – A term used to describe a winning streak made of consecutive numbers or patterns.  

Scared Money – A term used to describe money that a player can’t afford to lose. 

Section Shooter – A term used to describe a casino staff member, typically a croupier, which purposefully targets certain numbers or sections of the Roulette wheel. 

Section Shooting – The practice of targeting a specific number or section of the roulette wheel.  

Series – A term used to describe a round of betting that consists of a win or a loss at both ends of a session, i.e. win-win or loss-loss. 

Section Slicing – A Roulette strategy in which a player divides the wheel into sections that have seen more action in an attempt to discover a biased or tendency towards those numbers hitting more frequently. 

Session – The duration for which a player participates in playing casino games. Usually adhered to as a set amount of time or an amount of win or loss. 

Session Bankroll – The amount of money a player brings to their current playing session. 

Signature – The theory that croupiers can spin the roulette wheel and introduce the roulette ball with such consistency that players can predict the next spin result. 

Shill – A casino employee who is tasked with playing at dead tables, while concealing their affiliation, with the intent of encouraging action at the tables. 

Single-Zero Wheel – Any Roulette wheel that includes only one zero position. Found on European and French Roulette wheels. 

Six Line – A Roulette bet consisting of six numbers that covers two adjacent rows of three numbers on the layout. This bet pays 5:1. Also called a Six Number Bet, Sixain, and sometimes a Double Street Bet. 

Sixain – The French term for a Line, Six Line, or Six number bet. This bet pays out at 5:1. 

Sleeper – A term that refers to any number that has not hit within the last 37 spins. 

Snake Bet — A Roulette bet that gets its name from its shape and consists of 12 numbers and includes 1, 5, 9, 12, 14, 16, 19, 23, 27, 30, 32, and 34. This bet pays out at 2:1.  

Spin – The act of setting the Roulette wheel in motion. 

Spin Walk – The act of setting a limit on the number of spins a player will participate in before getting up and ending their session. 

Split Bet — A Roulette bet that incorporates any two numbers in which a wager is placed on the border shared by the two numbers. If either number hits, the player wins. This bet pays out at 17:1 

Spring Value – The term used to describe the value of any betting system in terms of its ability to win back losses.  

Square Bet – A Roulette bet, also known as a Corner Bet, in which a wager is placed at the intersection of four numbers on the roulette table. If any of the four numbers hit, the player wins. This wager pays out at 8:1. 

Stack — A term that describes a stack of 20 chips. 

Straight Up Bet – A Roulette bet that places a wager on any single number to hit. If that number hits, the player wins. This bet pays 35:1. 

Roulette Strategy – Any system of betting in which the player identifies and adheres to a set of restraints designed to give them an edge over the house in a session. 

Streak – A consistent period during which either wins or losses are experienced. 

Street Bet – A Roulette bet, also called a Transversale or Row Bet, which includes one horizontal row of numbers on the layout. The wager is placed on the outside border of the row. This bet pays 11:1.  

Sucker Bet – A Roulette bet, also known as a Five Number Bet, found only in American Roulette which incorporates the numbers 3, 2, 1, 0, and 00. This bet pays out at 5:1. 

Sure Bet – A bet considered to have low or no odds of resulting in a loss. 

Surrender Rule – A Rule found only in American Roulette rule sets, which provides for losses on even-money bets to be cut in half, with the remainder being returned to the player in the event 0 or 00 hits.  

Table Hopping – The act of sitting down at a Roulette table and playing for a short duration, then getting up and playing at another roulette table for a short duration, repetitively. 

Table Layout – A term that describes the betting area on a Roulette table. 

Table Minimum – The minimum amount a player must wager on a particular Roulette table. 

Take Down – The act of taking back your wager before the croupier calls “no more bets” and the Roulette wheel is spun.  

Tiers Du Cylindre – A Roulette sector bet, also referred to as Tiers, in which the player wagers on a section of the roulette wheel that includes the numbers 27-13-36-11-30-8-23-10-5-24-16-33. This bet is comprised of six Split Bets and pays 17:1. 

Tom – A disparaging term for a player considered to be a stingy tipper. 

Top Line Bet – A Roulette bet, also known as a First Five Bet, in which the player places a wager on 0, 00, 1, 2, 3. This bet pays out at 6:1. 

Tournaments – These are structured events during which players compete for money or other prizes by playing Roulette. Roulette Tournament conditions range from timed sessions with a leader board or top finishers via elimination. An entry fee may or may not be required to participate. 

Transversale - The French term for Street Bet. This is a Roulette bet that includes three numbers in a horizontal row on the layout. The wager is placed on the outside border of the row. This bet pays 11:1.  

Trio Bet – Also known as a Street Bet or Transversale, This Roulette bet is one that incorporates three numbers in a horizontal row. This bet pays 11:1. 

Twelve Number Bet – A roulette bet that incorporates one of the layout’s three columns of 12 numbers. Wagers are placed at the base of each column. This bet pays 2:1.  

Two Number Bet – A Roulette bet, also known as a Split, incorporates two numbers on the layout at once. The wager is placed on the border shared by both numbers. This bet pays 17:1. 

Up & Down Table – A term that refers to a casino table game in which a player consistently alternates success and failure with a win/loss pattern. 

Vig or Vigorish – A term used to describe the portion of a wager retained by the house or a bookmaker. 

Visual Wheel Tracking – The act of observing the roulette ball and wheel to discern some predictability as to where the ball will come to rest.  

Visual Ball Tracking – Similar to Visual Wheel Tracking, in ball tracking, players observe a roulette table and croupier in an attempt to discern a predictable pattern by which they can make winning bets with relative certainty. 

Voisins du Zéro – The French term for “Neighbors of Zero”, This a roulette bet, also known as a Grand Voisins du Zéro or Racetrack Bet, covers the final third of the roulette wheel, consisting of two one corner bet, one trio bet, and five split bets. This bet includes the numbers 22, 18, 29, 7, 28, 12, 35, 3, 26, 0, 32, 15, 19, 4, 21, 2, and 25. This bet pays at most 17:1. 

Wager – A term referring specifically to the amount of money placed on a bet. 

Wheel Chips – A term that refers to casino chips used specifically on Roulette games. Also known as wheel checks and Roulette chips, these chips come in as many as eight colours to separate different players’ bets. 

Wheel Head – A term referring to the portion of a Roulette wheel that contains the numbered pockets. 

Wheel Roller – A casino employee operating the Roulette wheel. More commonly referred to as the Roulette dealer or croupier. 

Wheel Strategies – Roulette strategies focused specifically on the players’ attempt to exploit imperfections in the Roulette wheel to gain an advantage over the house. 

Wheel Clocking – Roulette strategies that either keep track of roulette spins to ascertain patterns or imperfections in the wheel to gain an advantage over the house or measure the speed of a wheel spin to predict where the ball will land. 

Win Walk – A term that describes the point at which a player has decided they will end a session. For example, if the player begins as a session with a win walk of 30%, they end their session when they’ve won 30% over their initial bankroll. 

Zero – Found on both European and American Roulette rule sets, this green coloured pocket is the 37th number on the roulette wheel. 

Zero Zero - Found only in American Roulette rule sets, this green coloured pocket is the 38th number on the roulette wheel. 



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