As with most games of chance, you will find at an online casino, the idea behind a game of Roulette is to predict the outcome and earn yourself a cash prize. There are dozens of bets across the layout of a roulette table. Making the correct bet along with a modest wager can earn you a sizable return.
Once you have got the process down, there is very little you will need to learn. You can make the game seem like a new experience each time by changing wagering habits and bets, using a Roulette Strategy, or playing a variation of roulette with unique rules and mechanics.
It is important to understand that Roulette is a game of chance. You cannot play the House like you can in a game of Blackjack or Poker. In this case, the player is betting on the result of a croupier employed by the casino spinning a roulette wheel. There are certain positions on this wheel that favour the house over the player, this gives the house an advantage commonly referred to as the House Edge.
By understanding what component of Roulette produces this edge and finding a variety with the fewest occurrences, the player will be able to drive the house edge down sufficiently.
In Roulette, the house edge is derived from the number of pockets on the Roulette wheel that displays a 0, usually coloured green. In European and French Roulette games, there is only one 0 pocket on the wheel. In American Roulette, there are a 0 and a 00 pocket. There is even a Triple Zero Roulette wheel game, which further increased the odds in the favour of the house.
The house edge for each variation of Roulette is:
- House Edge for Single-Zero Roulette = 2.70%
- House Edge for Double-Zero Roulette = 5.26
- House Edge for Triple-Zero Roulette = 7.69%
Using the data above, it is clear that single-zero Roulette wheels give the player the largest advantage. However, additional rules on tables with a higher house edge as well as a higher challenge to win entices many players to participate on tables with a higher house edge.
Understanding the Roulette Layout
In Roulette, the layout refers to the felt portion of the table that displays the many betting options available to players. The Layout is separated into two main sections: Inside and Outside.
The inside layout contains a representation of all the numbered pockets. It is on this portion of the table that players place wagers on their respective inside bets.
Everything residing beyond the numbered field is referred to as the outside. These outside bets include many even-money propositions, such as Red/Black, Even/Odd, and so on. Additionally, the Roulette sector bets are found within this portion of the layout.
How a Round works
A round of Roulette begins like most other games at the casino: with a bet. In this case, the player will need to wait for the croupier, or dealer, to finish collecting lost wagers and paying out winning bets.
Once that process has been complete, betting is open for the next round. Players will have time to place a multitude of wagers across the layout. In some casinos, it is allowed for called or announced bets, which are spoken aloud by the player, to be placed.
After enough time has been provided for bets to be placed, the croupier will announce betting has stopped and they will say aloud, “no more bets”. At this point, the wheel is spun, it will make multiple rotations before the white ball or pill is introduced travelling the opposite direction of the wheel’s spin.
When the ball comes to rest within one of the numbered pockets of the Roulette wheel, the result is announced. The croupier places a marker on the layout to indicate the result. Winning bets are paid out and losing wagers are collected by the house.
Betting in Roulette is generally not completed with standard casino chips. Their similarity from multiple players would make keeping track of the bets confusing for the operators. To alleviate this confusion, Roulette chips are introduced. These are of specific colours that make it easier for the croupier to discern who placed which bet and the value of their wager(s).
The chips can be acquired either with cash or in exchange for standard casino chips. Roulette chips are only usable at roulette tables. So, they will have to be exchanged if the player continues their casino session at other casino games.
Placing bets in a game of Roulette is very straight forward. The layout is the felt portion of the roulette table. This is where all the betting positions reside. Players will have to wait between spins for the appropriate time to place bets. Players are limited to the number of bets they may place in so far as there are available betting positions on the table. However, there are generally table minimums and maximums within which players’ wagers much be contained.
Called and Announced bets may be entertained by the casino based on region and regulations. These bets are the same bets available on the layout, only the player can simply utter their bet aloud for the croupier to record.
Once all player wagers have been placed on their respective bets, the game will proceed to the spinning phase.
Types of Roulette Bets
There are several types of Roulette bets, which we will detail in this section of the Roulette Rules guide. The betting groups found here include:
- Inside bets
- Outside bets
- Announced/called bets
- Sector bets
You may want to consider utilizing some or all these bets in your roulette sessions. We encourage you to explore the myriad combinations available to you and enhance your experience at the tables.
These bets are the numbered positions within the Roulette layout.
- Straight Up Bet – A bet that one specific number will hit on the next spin. The wager is placed directly on the number. This bet pays 35:1.
- Split Bet – A bet that one of two numbers will hit on the next spin. the wager is placed on the border shared by both numbers. This bet pays 17:1.
- Street Bet – A bet that one of three numbers will hit on the next spin. The wager is placed on the outside border of this horizontal row. This bet pays 11:1.
- Corner or Square Bet – A bet that one of four numbers will hit on the next spin. The wager is placed on the corner shared by all four numbers. This bet pays 8:1.
- The Basket or Five Number Bet – A bet that one of five numbers will hit on the next spin. This bet is only on American Roulette and European Roulette tables in different configurations and includes zero, double zero, 1, 2, and 3, where applicable. The wager is placed on the corner shared by the single zero and 1. This bet pays 6:1.
- Line Bet – A bet that one of six numbers will hit on the next spin. This bet includes two horizontal rows of numbers that share a border. The wager is placed on the outside corner shared by the two rows. This bet pays 5:1
These are the best that fall outside of the Inside betting field.
- Column Bet – A bet that a number residing in one of the layout’s three columns will hit on the next spin. The wager is placed at the foot of the column selected. This bet pays 2:1
- Dozens Bet – A bet that a number within the 1st, 2nd, or 3rd segment of a dozen numbers on the layout will hit on the next spin. The wager is placed in the position labelled 1st dozen, 2nd dozen, or 3rd dozen. This bet pays 2:1
- Odd/Even Bet – A bet that either an odd or an even number will hit on the next spin. An even-money bet. The wager is placed on the position labelled “even” or “odd”. This bet pays 1:1.
- High/Low Bet – A bet that either a number within the grouping of 1-18 or 19-36 will hit on the next spin. The wager is placed on the appropriately labelled section of the layout. This is an even-money bet and pays 1:1.
- Red/Black Bet – A bet that either a red or a black number will hit on the next spin. The wager is placed on the section of the layout labelled “Red” or “Black”. This is an even-money bet and pays 1:1.
- Snake Bet – A bet that follows a winding path through the layout. The bet includes the numbers 1, 5, 9, 12, 14, 16, 19, 23, 27, 30, 32, and 34. The wager at either the “head” or ”tail” of the snake, in the bottom corner of that number position. These are all straight-up bets and will pay 35:1 if any of the included numbers hit.
Called or Announced Bets
While their names may appear as synonyms, they are in fact two different bets.
- “Call” or Called bets are bets announced by the player without placing money on the layout. Some casino regulators consider this a form of betting on credit and restrict it from being used in casinos. Other jurisdictions allow it. So, clear it with the casino first as to whether those bets are accepted.
- Announced bets follow the same path, but the player will need to put their wager directly on the announced betting position following their announcement. In this case, it is more for the effect.
These bets are those that occupy a specified sector or space on the roulette wheel and are commonly referred to as French bets.
Jeu Zéro or Zero Game Bet – A bet that is includes the closest numbers to 0 on the roulette wheel. The wager includes a four-chip or multiple of four chips placed in the following fashion:
Three chips are bet on splits:
- One chip on the 0-3 split
- One chip on the 12-15 split
- One chip on the 32-35 split
One chip straight-up:
- One straight-up on number 26
This bet is also included in Neighbours of Zero. This bet pays 36:1 in the case of 26 hitting on the next spin, or 18:1 for any of the splits to hit.
Voisins du Zero or Neighbours of Zero Bet – a bet that builds on the Zero Game bet to include a total of 17 numbers. The wagers are placed in the following fashion:
One chip is bet on splits:
- One chip on the 4-7 split
- One chip on the 12-15 split
- One chip on the 18-21 split
- One chip on the 19-22 split
- One chip on the 32-35 split
- Two chips are placed on the 0-2-3 trio
- Two chips are placed on the 25-26-28-29 corner
This bet pays 18:1 in the event any of the split bets hit. If any number in the trio hits, the bet pays 11:1. If any number in the corner bet hits, the bet pays 8:1.
Le Tiers Du Cylinder or Third Of The Wheel Bet – This bet includes the 12 numbers located directly opposite the 0 position on a roulette wheel. This includes 27, 13, 36, 11, 30, 8, 23, 10, 5, 24, 16, and 33. These are considered six split bets and the wagers are placed in the following fashion:
- One chip on the 5-8 split
- One chip on the 10-11 split
- One chip on the 13-16 split
- One chip on the 23-24 split
- One chip on the 27-30 split
- One chip on the 33-36 split
The bet pays 18:1.
Orphelins or Orphans – A bet comprised of the remaining numbers on the roulette wheel not included in other “French” bets. The bet is made up of a series of
straight up and split bets with a minimum of five chips and wagers beyond that in denominations of five. The wagers are placed as follows:
- One chip on the 6-9 split
- One chip on the 14-17 split
- One chip on the 17-20 split
- One chip on the 31-34 split
- One chip on 1 straight up
The bet pays 36:1 if 1 hits on the next spin. Otherwise, the split bets pay 18:1.
Special Roulette Rules
There are a few unique rules that players can use to their advantage. However, not all are available on every version of roulette. The three most important Roulette table rules to know include Surrender, La Partage, and En Prison.
- Surrender – A rule found on American Roulette tables, the Surrender rule allows the player to recover a portion of their wager on an outside bet in the event 0 or 00 hits on the next spin. In this case, the wager is split in half to be divided between House and player.
- La Partage – A rule found on European and French Roulette tables, the La Partage rule allows the player to recover a portion of their wager on an outside bet in the event 0 hits on the next spin. In this case, the wager is split in half to be divided between House and player.
- En Prison – A rule generally reserved for European and French Roulette tables, En Prison is similar to the La Partage rule in that it allows a player to recover their wager in the event the 0 hits on an even-money outside bet. If 0 hits, the player can choose to recover half their wager or “imprison” their wager before the wheel is spun again. If the result of the second spin is a win for the player, their imprisoned bet is returned.
Playing at roulette tables in which these rules apply will help reduce the house edge on certain wagers, allowing the player an opportunity to mitigate losses on losing outcomes.
While we have already touched on three or four of the most popular Roulette variations, there are plenty more available for players to explore. In this part of the Roulette Rules guide, we explore some of the Roulette variations you can expect to find at online casinos and identify the unique characteristics each version provides to players.
American Roulette – The most common Roulette variation played in North America, American Roulette includes a second zero pocket on the Roulette wheel. The house edge in American Roulette is 5.26 percent.
American Roulette wheels have a total of 38 numbered pockets. These pockets are labelled 1-36 in non-consecutive order around the wheel along with a 0 and 00 pocket.
The addition of this extra zero pocket drives the house edge twice as high when compared to European variations. As a result, the player has a diminished probability of making a successful proposition. Fortunately, rules like Surrender are available to help hedge certain bets and give the player a chance to recover at least a portion of their wager.
European Roulette – The most common Roulette variation played in Europe and Asia. European Roulette differs from American in that its wheel has a single zero pocket. The house edge in American Roulette is 2.70 percent.
European Roulette wheels have a total of 37 numbered pockets. These pockets are labelled 1-36 in non-consecutive order around the wheel along with a 0 pocket.
Because this version of Roulette has a single zero, the house edge is reduced when compared to American Roulette. European Roulette tables also commonly invoke the La Partage Rule, which can help drive the house edge down even further on certain bets.
French Roulette – A common variation of Roulette that follows the same configuration as European Roulette but also allows players to make more advanced bets, such as Orphans, Zero Game, Neighbours of Zero, and Thirds of the Wheel.
Live Roulette – When you cannot get to the casino for a game of Roulette, Live Roulette is the best alternative.
By leveraging streaming video and audio, these roulette variations virtually transport the player to a real casino floor, where a croupier is standing by to take their bets and spin the wheel. Players can generally find these Live Roulette games in all rule sets.
The experience is engaging because players can converse with their dealers via chat for the duration and even commit tips when they feel the experience warrants a little something extra.
Video Roulette – Most often incorporating the European ruleset, video Roulette games are a modern iteration of the classic land-based casino table game. Rather than being on-location, players can either play this variation at a digital terminal or at an online casino.
Mini Roulette – A scaled-down version of the standard roulette game, Mini Roulette variations have a smaller wheel with fewer numbers and a layout with fewer betting positions.
Progressive Jackpot Roulette – A popular variation among land-based and online casino roulette players, Jackpot games have a larger prize available than what is available on the traditional layout. This jackpot will usually require a player to meet certain betting or wagering conditions before they may become eligible to win the jackpot in any round.
Spread-Bet Roulette – This variation of Roulette is a bit more advanced than its counterparts. Spread-bet Roulette not only allows for the advanced betting options found in French Roulette games, but it also incorporates a second roulette wheel. This second wheel serves as the mechanism for calculating the spread that results when the roulette ball comes to rest in a numbered pocket. Players wager on the spread via specific ranges of numbers. For example, a player can make a bet that the spread will be a value of 1-10, 11-20, or similar fashion.
Branded Roulette Games – These Roulette variations generally follow traditional Roulette rule sets but make the overall experience more engaging. This is achieved through the addition of rich visual and audio elements, unique mechanics, and even multiple jackpots. Mini-games may be available as well, so keep an eye out for these games, commonly modelled after sports leagues, popular culture icons, television shows, and blockbuster film franchises.
Now that you have been introduced to the Roulette rules, you are ready to begin playing at any local or online casino roulette table.
Use the information we have provided to find a table with the house edge you want and one that accepts the types of bets you want to place. Do not forget about finding tables with stakes that fit your bankroll.
As you progress in your understanding of the game you can make more complicated bets, build on Roulette strategy, and drive your winnings even higher.